"stated above, the true self of all things in the whole world is atman/Brahman. Human beings do not realize their true self and assume that the material body, including physical body as well as mind, is the true self. That is ignorance (avidya). For Sankara, human predicament is caused by ignorance, not by sin. To be liberated, one must remove the ignorance, confusing one’s true self with something else. To remove the ignorance,"