Tuesday, November 23, 2021

Vedanta prescribes the total renunciation of illusory names and forms from 'Self knowledge'

(cont'd)and sets forth the ideal of Freedom through the realization of man's 
identity with the Absolute only for those rare souls who, in the course of 
their spiritual evolution, have understood the utter inadequacy and 
transiency of life — life not only on this earth but on another plane of 
time and space governed by the law of causation. On the other hand, 
for the vast majority’ of men who still cling to the false idea of indi- 
viduality, Vedanta assures rebirth on earth or elsewhere through its 
theory of reincarnation. - No religion except Hinduism and Buddhism be- 
lieves in the existence of the individual soul both before birth and after 
death. As long as one desires individuality one will be born with I-con- 
sciousness. Vedanta also suggests that if one wishes to enjoy material 
happmess, one should not renounce one’s duties, but devote oneself to 
the cultivation of righteousness (dharma), economic security (artha), and 
sensuous pleasures (k a ma). After going through all these experiences a 
man will realize that true Liberation (moksha) is attained only when he 
is free from desire, attachment, and ego. The world is full of relative 
good and evil only to him who is still a victim of ignorance and regards 
it as existing in time and space and governed by the law of causation 
But to the knower of Truth the world is Brahman and therefore the em- 
bodiment of Bliss.

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