The significance of the Svetasvatara Upanishad lies in the fact that in it we come across almost all the basic teachings and concepts of the Bhagavad-Gita. The difference is basically in names only. In the Bhagavad-Gita, Lord Krishna describes Himself as Bhagavan, the Supreme Lord of the universe, where as here it is Lord Siva, who is the Lord of all, the master of the immanent and transcendent reality, by knowing whom one can attain Brahman. Lord Siva is referred especially as Iswara, who is the awakened Brahman, the Being, the universal soul, who initiates the process of creation, having woken up.We have all the basic concepts of Saivism here: the pasu, the pasa and the pati. Pasu is the individual soul. Pasa is the bond that keeps him chained to the world of illusion and mortality, and pati is Lord Siva Himself, the controller of the universe who ultimately delivers his dear devotee from bondage.
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